Search Holah

Core Studies

Psychological Investigations

 

Self Report Questions

 

 

Question 1

 

Researchers carried out a survey to find out the opinions of students towards tutorials. Questionnaires with closed questions were handed out at lunch time for students to fill in. The questionnaires were given to those students who happened to be in the canteen on that particular day.

 

 

1 Identify the sampling technique used by the researchers.

[1]

 

2 Outline one strength and one weakness of the sampling technique used for this research.

[6]

 

3 Outline how the researchers could have used a random sample for this survey

[3]

 

4 (a) Explain why this self report measure may lack validity for this study.

[3]

 

(b) Outline how the validity of this self-report method could be improved.

[2]

 

5 Explain how the researchers could check the reliability of their self report method.

[2]

 

6 Create a Likert scale that could be used to measure attitudes to tutorials.

[3]

 

[Total 20]

 

 

Question 2

 

A researcher conducted a semi-structured interview asking people about their experiences of being victims of crime. The researcher advertised for participants in a local newspaper.

 

1 (a) Identify the sampling technique used by the researcher.

[1]

 

(b) Outline one strength and one weakness of the sampling technique used for this research

[6]

 

2 (a) What is a semi-structured interview?

[3]

 

(b) Outline one strength and one weakness of using a semi-structured interview for this research.

[6]

 

3 Outline two ethical issues that this study might raise and suggest how each of these might be overcome.

[4]

 

[Total 20]

 

 

Question 3

 

A researcher wanted to conduct a survey of football supporters? views on foreign managers.

 

1 (a) Describe how the researcher could use a random sampling technique to conduct this survey.

[3]

 

(b) Outline one strength and one weakness of using a random sampling technique to conduct this survey.

[6]

 

2 Create one open and one closed question that the researcher could use for this study.

[2]

 

3 (a) What is meant by reliability

[2]

 

(b) How could a researcher improve the reliability of their self-report method.

[3]

 

4 What is meant by quantitative data and outline one strength and one weakness of using such data.

[4]

 

[Total 20]

 

 

Question 4

 

 

A researcher has been asked to complete a survey of students? attitudes to banning smoking in the college grounds.

 

1 (a) Describe how the researcher could use an interview to collect just quantitative data.

[3]

 

(b) Outline one strength of collecting quantitative data for this study.

[3]

 

2 Outline one way in which interviews could be seen to be better than questionnaires.

[2]

 

3 (a) What is meant by the term validity?

[2]

 

(b) How can researchers improve the validity of self-report measures?

[2]

 

4 (a) Describe how the researcher might carry out an opportunity sampling technique for this study.

[2]

 

(b) Outline one strength and one weakness of using an opportunity sampling technique for this study.

[6]

 

[Total 20]

 

 

Question 5

 

A researcher has been asked to complete a survey of patients? attitudes to hospitals.

 

1 (a) Explain how the researcher could use a self-selected sample to complete this research.

[2]

 

(b) Outline one strength and one weakness of using a self selected sampling technique for this study.

[6]

 

2 (a) Create a fixed choice question that the researcher could use for the study.

[1]

 

(b) Why may fixed choice questions lack validity in this study?

[3]

 

3 (a) What is meant by a ?Likert scale??

[2]

 

(b) Outline one strength and one weakness of using Likert scales for this research.

[6]

 

[Total 20]